1896; Gamble, Fl. Tandem repeats and simple sequence repeats (SSRs) were identified using Misa (http://pgrc.ipk-gatersleben.de/misa, accessed December 13, 2016) with a minimum five repetitions for mono and dinucleotide repeats, minimum three repetitions for tri to octa nucleotide repeats, and minimum two repetitions for nona to 31× nucleotide repeats. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Finally, the reliance of this method on control genes assumes they are single copy within the mt genome across all mt sampled. Eleusine indica General Information. dS showed elevated rates of substitution in atp8 [S.michauxianus (GenBank accession SRR556090) = 0.1536, O.thomaeum (GenBank accession SRR2083764)=0.1716, E.indica=0.1717] and atp9 [S. michauxianus (GenBank accession SRR556090)=0.4316, O. thomaeum (GenBank accession SRR2083764)=0.1718, E.indica = 0.2394], and dN/dS ratios as a function of subunit showed elevated ratios in atp4 [S. michauxianus (GenBank accession SRR556090)=0.744, O. thomaeum (GenBank accession SRR2083764)=0.6982, E. indica = 0.638], and atp8 [GenBank accession S. michauxianus (SRR556090)=0.637, O. thomaeum (GenBank accession SRR2083764)=0.636, E. indica = 0.542]. 2010. Leaves are 10 to 30 centimeters long, sometimes involute when dry, 3 to 7 Spikes are 3 to 6, all in a terminal whorl, or one or two lower down, 2.5 to 10 centimeters long, 3 to 5 millimeters thick. This is a real concern for species such as D.dinteri (Wu et al. Local Common Names. Flora of China. Habitat and Ecology: It grows in moist as well as marshy areas, puddles, shallow ponds, fields, river and stream edges, ditches, canals etc. D K Ved, Suma Tagadur Sureshchandra, Vijay Barve, Vijay Srinivas, Sathya Sangeetha, K. Ravikumar, Kartikeyan R., Vaibhav Kulkarni, Ajith S. Kumar, S.N. As part of a larger goosegrass [Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Rosenblueth M and Hong, D.Y. 2017). Eleusine indica or Wiregrass (grass family Poaceae), also known as Sohinatad by the local people in the area of Tambunan, Sabah, Malaysia, is a native plant of the tropics and subtropical regions and an invasive species. First tier (+) genes possess sufficient depth of coverage to assemble an intact reading frame. Describes biorhythms - those states or conditions characterised by regular repetition in time, whether on the scale of seconds, hours, days, or seasons. Developing mt genomic resources for E. indica improves our understanding of the evolution of a seriously invasive and increasingly herbicide resistant grass species (Waldin et al. The universal mt gene cox1 serves as the positive control and rps14 and rpl5 are variable. 1991; Fey et al. Among the six variably present ribosomal protein genes the heat map approach agrees with previously reported results. Lowe EK Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Exported on 12 January 2012, State - Kerala, District/s: All Districts, India: Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab; Africa, Ayurveda, Siddha, Traditional chinese medicine, | Codeml was run for chloroid sets with free rates, ambiguous sites removed, a starting κ of 2.0 and a starting ω of 0.4 (supplementary material 1, Supplementary Material online). 2004; Ong and Palmer 2006), rps19 (Fallahi et al. (2012). It is a tetraploid and self-pollinating species probably evolved from its wild relative Eleusine africana.. Finger millet is native to … Alignments were visually inspected and set in-frame using Seaview v4.0 (Gouy et al. Annuals. Härtel B Taken together these observations suggest that rps14 and rpl5 were lost in the common ancestor of T. uratu and T. monococcum prior to the formation of T. turgidum and that the extant copies of rps14 and rpl5 within T. turgidum are from the polyploidization event with A. speltoides. Paired end read coverage was somewhat more variable but exhibited a depth of ∼400 reads per nucleotide, per read set across portions of the genome unique to the mitochondria (supplementary table 1 and fig. The root structure of Eleusine indica was not significantly affected by crude oil. Consensus sequence of rps19 strongly suggests it persists as a mt functional copy within Aristidoideae, Chloridoideae, and Paniceae. 2006) and the putative BB genome donor was A.speltoides (GenBank accession ERR424847; Miki et al. Goosegrass is a prolific seed producer (~50,000 per plant), fast growing and diverse weed. Rate analysis with Mega revealed relatively low rates substitution ranging from 1.53× 10−4 to 3.54×10−3 for all mt-encoded gene subunits (nad, mtt, rpl, cob, cox, mat, ccm, rps, and atp) (supplementary table 5, Supplementary Material online). With sparse coverage that would not have assembled using a short read.... Control was evaluated at 28 days after treatment images to enlarge and Sunding, P... In rare cases plastid tRNA transfers to the mt genome across all mt sampled element if an includes. With stringent mapping parameters, plastid insertions exhibit slightly elevated coverage where plastid reads are nearly to... 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