The single living species, Fitzroya cupressoides, is a tall, long-lived conifer native to the Andes mountains of southern Chile and Argentina and is the largest species of tree growing in South America. Fitzroya cupressoides is an evergreen tree with a slender crown; it can grow 40 - 45 metres tall, though it is often much smaller in cultivation. For many years Fitzroya cupressoides was one of the standout architectural small trees on the lawn at Burncoose where its trailing and drooping branches were a delight. It's thick, but not impossibly so. It is a dioecious species or occasionally monoecius (Rodríguez et al., 1983). There are quite few ways you could describe the walk, but "leisurely three-hour stroll" is definitely not one of them. The tree was located in a grove of several old trees in Wheeler Park, Nevada. Today this is a rare tree in the wild in Chile and southern Argentina. It is one of the symbols of Tenerife, and was declared a national monument in 1917. PDF | On Jan 1, 2004, H.Spafford-Jacob and others published Front Door Wide Open to Weeds: An examination of the weed species permitted for import without risk assessment. Giant sequoias are the third longest-lived tree species, the only older trees are are bristlecone pines, the oldest one being nearly 5,000 years old, and Alerce trees (Fitzroya cupressoides… Female flowers in cone-like inflorescences, composed of 9 scales in whorls of 3, in 3 alternating whorls; the lowest whorl small and sterile; the middle whorl larger and sterile or with a single 2-winged seed to each scale; the upper whorl fertile, each scale bearing 2-6 two- or three-winged seeds. The alerce is often shrubby when raised in cultivation, but a native forest tree may reach a height of 45 m (about 150 feet) and attain a trunk diameter of more than 3 m (10 feet). It normally grows to about 45 to 60 meters, but occasionally more than 70 meters in Argentina, and has about 5 … The tree is considered Iranian national monument and it is under the protection of Cultural Heritage Organisation of Iran. The alerce is thought to be a southern relative of the giant sequoia of North America. Thankfully, the campsites were clearly defined, as was the trail, which isn't always something you can count on when trekking around these parts. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. This is going to eventually be a big tree if I can keep it growing! The oldest known alerce is believed to be about 4,000 years old. Sources: 1, 2 Wild-origin seedlings as young as 5 years old have borne heavy crops of male cones at the Younger Botanic Garden in Scotland. Lumbering ofFitzroya cupressoides in Chile began in 1599 and continued until 1976, ... we carried out tree-ring analysis of a Fitzroya cupressoides (Mol.) And search more of iStock's library of royalty-free stock images that features Black Color photos available for quick and easy download. In 1993 a specimen from Chile was found to be 3,622 years old, making it the second oldest fully verified (by counting growth rings) age for any living tree species, after the Great Basin Bristlecone Pine. It was a real treat to work in the magnificent Araucaria forests – huge stands, many old trees, and incredibly beautiful scenery on the foothills of Volcán Llaima. Fitzroya cupressoides distribution map.jpg 1,250 × 1,272; 959 KB Fitzroya cupressoides tree 01.jpg 525 × 700; 374 KB Fitzroya cupressoides trunk.jpg 733 × 1,107; 886 KB Fitzroya cupressoides is an evergreen Tree growing to 10 m (32ft) by 6 m (19ft) at a slow rate. Degraded Fitzroya forest near Puerto Mont, Chile, where the loggers left only a few scattered old trees. The Parque Nacional Alerce Costero, home to the Gran Abuelo (Spanish for "great grandfather"), promised a much easier option. 8125 Windsor Island Rd. This species was heavily logged in both the 19 th and 20 th century and because of this it is difficult to tell how long these trees can actually live. Fitzroya cupressoides is an evergreen tree with a slender crown; it can grow 40 - 45 metres tall, though it is often much smaller in cultivation. It is also known as the Alerce native to the Andes mountains of southern Chile and Argentina and considered as one of the important members of the Valdivian temperate rain forests. The straight, cylindrical bole can be up to 120cm in diameter and free of branches for up to 25 metres [ 11 Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. The alerce’s small, narrow leaves are typically arranged in whorls of three and have distinct white bands running down their length. It is a steep descent down to the riverbank, with uneven, slippery terrain made all the more inhospitable by sprawling tree roots and jagged rock. That same organism would see off the pharaohs, along with countless earthquakes, fires and centuries of logging to stand proudly as the oldest living thing on the South American continent roughly 3,500 years later. Because a lot of the larger specimens were logged in the centuries previous, it's quite possible that some alerces grew to be even older than this, the remnants of which can probably be observed as roof shingles on homes in the nearby towns. Fitzroya: Evergreen, dioecious tree. Today, alerces are listed as endangered and can be found in staggered populations across a southern stretch of land starting at the cordillera on Chile's Pacific coast and rolling up and over the Andes into Argentina. In the Cordillera Pelada, disturbed areas ap- Omissions? Alerce, also called Patagonian Cypress, (species Fitzroya cupressoides), coniferous tree that is the only species of the genus Fitzroya, of the cypress family (Cupressaceae), native to southern Chile and southern Argentina. The tree at right, over 12 m tall and 140 cm dbh, was about 350 years old [C.J. He previously spent time at The Conversation, Mashable and The Santiago Times, earning a Masters degree in communications from Melbourne’s RMIT University along the way. The thickest, tallest, and oldest Patagonian cypress trees (Fitzroya cupressoides) worldwide Elevation distribution for Patagonian cypress Monumental trees worldwide Claudio Donoso Not to mention the countless other species to have been wiped from the Earth since it popped its head up around 1,500 BCE. Fitzroya cupressoides wood, which is elastic and light, is thought to have been used for at least the last 13,000 years. So to see its wrinkled flesh up close is pretty humbling. 7. It is in leaf all year, and the seeds ripen in October. Loài này được Molina I.M.Johnst. ... pletely lacking in old-growth stands on the coastal range. The tree at right, over 12 m tall and 140 cm dbh, was about 350 years old [C.J. The largest known living specimen is Alerce Milenario in Alerce Costero National Park, Chile. Its rough pyramidal canopy provides cover for the southern beech, laurel and myrtle. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species - Fitzroya Cupressoides. In 1993, researchers used growth-ring counting to verify the age of the Gran Abuelo, placing it at 3,622 years young. Initially, the wood played a big part in Chile's trade with neighboring Peru, but then throughout the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries a series of fires really put the heat on, so to speak. I used to live a short way from the Eldest living tree in California,I'll not be able Fitzroya cupressoides là một loài thực vật hạt trần trong họ Cupressaceae. We trekked and tripped our way through the Andean foothills on Chile's southern coast for our own little meeting with "El Gran Abuelo.". showing the effect of fires. It is in leaf all year, and the seeds ripen in October. [1] Natural second-growth stand of Fitzroya cupressoides (150-300 years old) at 800 m altitude in the Coastal Range (40° S lat.) The tree was located in a grove of several old trees in Wheeler Park, Nevada. Traditionally, Fitzroya is more than an ornamental plant, it is a valuable timber tree used for items including ships' masts, buildings and furniture. Zoroastrian Sarv (Iran) The Zoroastrian Sarv, a tree in central Iran, is an Iranian National Monument. The endangered Fitzroya cupressoidesforests of southern South America include stands that are probably the oldest dense forest stands in the world, with long-lived trees and high standing biomass. In 1964, geographer Donald R. Currey was given permission from the Forest Service to take a core sample of the tree to determine its age, which he suspected was over 4,000 years. sidered plants scored as tree, shrub or liana as “ woody ”, whereas “ herbaceous ” plants were represented by those scored as herbs, grasses, ferns, vines and epiphytes. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. Grows slowly to 32' x 19' w. Prefers moist, well-drained soils. Branches not whorled, shoots angular, leaves scale-like, in whorls of 3. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). Evidence exists of alerce wood being used for tools and weapons prior to the Spanish conquest in the 16th century, but the arrival of the Europeans really took the lopping of these trees to another level. Traditionally, Fitzroya is more than an ornamental plant, it is a valuable timber tree used for items including ships' masts, buildings and furniture. Loài này được Molina I.M.Johnst. Inter-annual seed production is highly variable, with 5–7 years periods of low to no production and viability is also usually low (Donoso,1995). We investigated tree‐ring growth and carbon isotopes of the long‐lived and high biomass Fitzroya cupressoides in two stands growing in contrasting environmental conditions in the Coastal Range (~300 years old) and Andean Cordilleras (>1500 years old) of southern Chile. A team of researchers from the University of Tasmania found fossilized foliage of Fitzroya on the Lea River of northwest Tasmania. The Alerce is a common name for Fitzroya cupressoides, a towering tree species native to the Andes mountains. Sadly it came to grief when a tree landed on it some 10 years ago. Little is known about how old‐growth and massive forests are responding to environmental change. This means there a few options to visit the native trees, with the massive Valdivian Coastal Reserve offering the biggest alerce bounty, though it's not exactly easy to access. mô tả khoa học đầu tiên năm 1924. Fitzroya cupressoides Patagonian cypress, called alerce (Spanish for "larch") in Chile, rivals California's bristlecone pine for longevity and size, some living more than 3000 years. Today this is a rare tree in the wild in Chile and southern Argentina. It is a large conifer … A three hour cruise had become an uncomfortable five-plus hour trip, but disagreeable journeys can have some unexpected upsides. Charles Darwin named the species himself, naming it Fitzroya cupressoides after the captain of his ship. The Alerce is a common name for Fitzroya cupressoides, a towering tree species native to the Andes mountains. 2 C the 2nd Eldest,but the experience of the Old guy is totally awesome I will cherish it for ever...........LOL :-}}. Alerce Milenario Fitzroya cupressoides, Alerce Costero, Los Rios Region, Chile (3,622 years old) The Alerce is an increasingly rare breed of conifer that only grows in Argentina and Chile. The tree’s reddish brown wood is lightweight and durable and is used for general construction. Fitzroya trees grow inside the protected area and give the area its name, with Alerce Costero translating as Coastal Fitzroya. Fitzroya cupressoides là một loài thực vật hạt trần trong họ Cupressaceae. Zoroastrian Sarv (Iran) The Zoroastrian Sarv, a tree in central Iran, is an Iranian National Monument. Yet something suggests you sit down for a moment to take it all in, possibly because of its intriguingly weathered exterior, and almost certainly because you've just hauled ass for two hours to see it. For many years Fitzroya cupressoides was one of the standout architectural small trees on the lawn at Burncoose where its trailing and drooping branches were a delight. To document Fitzroya, the "redwood of the south" and the 'National Tree' of Chile, was another exciting task for our expedition in 1996. Regeneration in such sites is typically poor, with Fitzroya being out-competed by vigorous understorey species, such as the Chusquea seen here. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. This means the seedling started to grow at the same time as Stone Henge was built in Great Britain (around 1500 B.C), making it the second oldest living tree species in the world, after the bristlecone pine. iStock Patagonian Cypress Fitzroya Cupressoides Stock Photo - Download Image Now Download this Patagonian Cypress Fitzroya Cupressoides photo now. So what does it feel like to stand before such a venerable survivor? The discovery of a 2,624-year-old tree in a North Carolina swamp proves that America's bald cypress trees are the fifth-longest-living tree species on Earth. With nothing but a vacant lodge and dubious guard dog to greet us, we were left to our own devices to find a spot to camp, and hopefully, map out a route to the big old tree. Fitzroya cupressoides is the largest tree species in South America, normally growing to 40–60 m, but occasionally more than 70 m, and up to 5 m in trunk diameter. The tree at left, about 2.5 m tall and 20 cm dbh, proved to be about 500 years old. There is almost no telling how old these trees can get since most of the larger specimens were heavily logged in the 19th and 20th centuries. Fitzroya cupressoides (Molina) I.M. The tree at left, about 2.5 m tall and 20 cm dbh, proved to be about 500 years old. So it was after our fair share of riverside breathers that we crossed one final rope bridge, trudged up a few flights of stairs and flopped onto the platform before the mighty Gran Abuelo. The oldest known living Alerce is thought to be more than 3,500 years old. ). The species the tree belongs to was named Fitzroya cupressoides by none other than Charles Darwin, after the captain of his ship Robert FitzRoy. It is a large conifer … This is one of the fascinating as well as the oldest trees in the world. Other species of tree include the coigüe, ulmo and tineo, which sprung up in the aftermath of forest fires, some of which are as old as 300 years. See the stories that matter in your inbox every morning. Fitzroya cupressoides 3622 years Sequoiadendron giganteum 3266 years Juniperus grandis 2675 years Taxodium distichum 2624 years Lagarostrobos franklinii ca. In the wild it grows to become one of the oldest and largest trees in the world. The Alerce Milenario is the oldest of these trees, located in a Chilean national park established in 1987. To document Fitzroya, the "redwood of the south" and the 'National Tree' of Chile, was another exciting task for our expedition in 1996. Little is known about how old‐growth and massive forests are responding to environmental change. It is a dioecious species or occasionally monoecius (Rodríguez et al., 1983). El Drago, also known as Drago Milenario and Drago de Icod de los Vinos, is the oldest and largest living specimen of Dracaena draco, or dragon tree, in Parque del Drago, Icod de los Vinos, Tenerife, Spain.It is said to be a thousand years old, although the age is disputed. This is unusual; Fitzroya is definitely monoecious in the wild, and the remnants of male cones were observed on trees from which seed was collected on the ICE expedition. Fitzroya Cupressoides is a tall, thin, and lush tree situated in Andes Mountains in Chile and Argentina. Alerce Costero National Park (Spanish: Parque Nacional Alerce Costero, American Spanish: [aˈleɾse kosˈteɾo]) is a protected wild area in the Cordillera Pelada about 137 km (85 miles) from Valdivia and 49 km (30 miles) from La Unión. In 1993 a specimen from Chile was found to be 3,622 years old, making it the second oldest fully verified (by counting growth rings) age for any living tree species, after the Great Basin Bristlecone Pine. Beagle. This species was heavily logged in both the 19 th and 20 th century and because of this it is difficult to tell how long these trees can actually live. The thickest, tallest, and oldest Patagonian cypress trees (Fitzroya cupressoides) worldwide Elevation distribution for Patagonian cypress Monumental trees worldwide We investigated tree‐ring growth and carbon isotopes of the long‐lived and high biomass Fitzroya cupressoid es in two stands growing in contrasting environmental conditions in the Coastal Range (~300 years old) and Andean Cordilleras (>1500 years old) of southern Chile. Johnson stand and a Norhofugus nitida (Phil.) In 1964, geographer Donald R. Currey was given permission from the Forest Service to take a core sample of the tree to determine its age, which he suspected was over 4,000 years. There is almost no telling how old these trees can get since most of the larger specimens were heavily logged in the 19th and 20th centuries. However, it has only been in the last 300 years or so that this species has suffered from … Cones globose, 6-8 mm across, ripening in the first year; fertile scales with a three-sided mucro at the apex. And unless you want to call the forest home, you'll also need to hire a local Mapuche guide to help you find your way in and out. Updates? Johnst. Or so we thought. Fitzroya Cupressoides [1] For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for Fitzroya cupressoides . This tree needs good sun and lots of water and humidity and is not very cold tolerant below 15 f (maybe a bit more but not much). As it turned out, the Parque Nacional Alerce Costero was far enough off the beaten track to discourage even a single visitor that day. A very long-lived, slow growing tree with records of it living for more than 3,600 years old (Lara and Villalba, 1993). In fact, the trees belong to the species Fitzroya cupressoides, which are good climate indicators: their annual rings respond to variations in summer temperature. … In the meantime, alerces continued to be logged to the brink of extinction, up until the government stepped in and declared the species a national monument in 1976. The 5-km (3.1 mi) circuit follows an old logging route, used to funnel huge pieces of timber out of the forest on oxen back in the 1940s. Sadly it came to grief when a tree landed on it some 10 years ago. Geologist Leif Kullman who found the tree claimed it was the world’s oldest tree with an estimated age of 10,000 years old (though this is younger than a couple of tree colonies mentioned below), and promptly named it after his dead dog. The export of Fitzroya was an important part of the economy of Chiloé archipelago, which at one time used a currency made from its … Native to the Andes Mountains, the Alerce is the common name for the Fitzroya cupressoides tree species. But still, 3,622 years is long enough to see dynasties form and fade, civilizations rise and fall, and real estate tycoons become leaders of the free world. The oldest known living Alerce is thought to be more than 3,500 years old. It was a real treat to work in the magnificent Araucaria forests – huge stands, many old trees, and incredibly beautiful scenery on the foothills of Volcán Llaima. This is a list of the oldest-known trees, as reported in reliable sources.Definitions of what constitutes an individual tree vary. Unfortunately, this and characteristics like a straight grain, elasticity, lightness and aesthetic appeal have made alerces a very desirable construction material over a considerable period of time. Sarv-e Abarqu. This is going to eventually be a big tree … There’s almost no telling how old these trees can get since most of the larger specimens were heavily logged in the 19th and 20th centuries. South America's oldest living tree is a Fitzroya cupressoides, named so by the traveling geologist Charles Darwin in honor of the captain of his ship, Robert FitzRoy. A very long-lived, slow growing tree with records of it living for more than 3,600 years old (Lara and Villalba, 1993). Sarv-e Abarqu, also called the "Zoroastrian Sarv," is a cypress tree in Yazd province, … It was only here that we encountered our first humans on the trail, an oncoming couple with a smiling child who if we had to guess, probably wouldn't be smiling a little further down the track. Most of the Fitzroya trees are at least 500 years old (tree cores that do not reach the pith) and the oldest tree recorded is at least 1470 years old. Known as Alerce in Spanish and Lahuen in the native Mapuche, these tall evergreen trees are native to the southern Andes in Chile and Argentina, and though they grow to more than 60 m (196 ft) tall, they do so very slowly, gaining just a millimeter in diameter every year. It is more than 60 m tall, with a trunk diameter of 4.26 m. Much larger specimens existed before the species was heavily logged in the 19th and 20th centuries; Charles Darwinr… You might just stumble across an ancient tree with no one else around. To borrow an analogy from the Charlotte Observer, that age makes this tree older than Christianity, the Roman Empire and the English language. In fact, the trees belong to the species Fitzroya cupressoides, which are good climate indicators: their annual rings respond to variations in summer temperature. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In the upper right a bog can be observed. Alerce, also called Patagonian Cypress, (species Fitzroya cupressoides), coniferous tree that is the only species of the genus Fitzroya, of the cypress family (Cupressaceae), native to southern Chile and southern Argentina. Fitzroya cupressoides 3622 years Sequoiadendron giganteum 3266 years Juniperus grandis 2675 years Taxodium distichum 2624 years Lagarostrobos franklinii ca. Standing more than 60 m tall (196 ft) with a diameter of 4 m (13 ft) and perimeter of 11 m (36 ft), the "Alerce Milenario" is quite the sight. Thanks! It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. For starters, you'd need a four-wheel drive to handle the rugged terrain, which would have to be ferried across on one of the boats connecting the reserve to the city of Valdivia, capital of Chile's river region. Fitzroya cupressoides 'Alerce' PATAGONIAN CYPRESS Long-lived tree native to Chile, often shrubby when raised in cultivation. Se… Alerce Fitzroya cupressoides Also known as: Chilean false larch, alerzcholz, fitzroy cypress, lahuan, Patagonian cypress F. cupressoides is the only species of the genus Fitzroya, named by Charles Darwin for Captain Fitzroy of H.M.S. It is thought to be more than 3,600 years old. Total stand biomass reaches 447–517 Mg C ha −1, of which Fitzroya accounts for 329–401 Mg C ha −1 (74–78%) [ Urrutia‐Jalabert et al., 2015a ]. Nick has been writing and editing at New Atlas for over six years, where he has covered everything from distant space probes to self-driving cars to oddball animal science. What makes this tree all the more popular is its old age, large size, and the legendary history. If you do happen to find yourself in the area with some time to spare, we recommend stopping to smell the roses. Wild-origin seedlings as young as 5 years old have borne heavy crops of male cones at the Younger Botanic Garden in Scotland. The temperate, coastal forests of southern Chile, the Chiloé Archipelago and Patagonia, are … The endangered Fitzroya cupressoidesforests of southern South America include stands that are probably the oldest dense forest stands in the world, with long-lived trees and high standing biomass. The Gran Abuelo or Alerce Milenario tree is thought to be 3,622 years old. Beagle. The largest tree in South America can grow up to 40–60 m, however, occasionally it is 70m high. The evergreen skinny and tall tree is approximately 3,647 years old. South America's oldest living tree is a Fitzroya cupressoides, named so by the traveling geologist Charles Darwin in honor of the captain of his ship, Robert FitzRoy. The straight, cylindrical bole can be up to 120cm in diameter and free of branches for up to 25 metres Some of the fires are thought to have arisen from lightning strikes, and others from indigenous tribes who inhabited the area. Alerces contain special resins that help them stave off decomposition, even when buried or resting in water, which is a useful trait when it comes to longevity. Over 280,000 people receive our email newsletter. In the wild it grows to become one of the oldest and largest trees in the world. Natural second-growth trees: Fitzroya cupressoides second-growth trees 200 to 300 years old at 700 m elevation in the coastal range of Chile (40° S lat. … Native to the Andes Mountains, the Alerce is the common name for the Fitzroya cupressoides tree species. The second-oldest living tree on the planet, Entrance to the Parque Nacional Alerce Costero in southern Chile, The trail follows an old logging route from the 1940s, Alerces were declared a national monument in 1976, Alerces contain special resins that help them stave off decomposition, Other species of tree in the forest include the coigüe, ulmo and tineo, The trail criss-crosses a creek as it runs through thick native forest, Tadpoles can be spied swimming through these icy waters, "El Gran Abuelo" stands more than 60 m tall, While 3,622 is a decent stint, the Gran Abuelo isn't the oldest living tree on the planet, This tree trunk has seen some things in its time, In 1993, researchers used growth-ring counting to verify the age of the Gran Abuelo, The return leg of the trek is a little kinder on the legs. This is unusual; Fitzroya is definitely monoecious in the wild, and the remnants of male cones were observed on trees from which seed was collected on the ICE expedition. 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Sequoia of North America, … 7 is considered Iranian National Monument living specimen is Alerce tree... Specimen is Alerce Milenario tree is approximately 3,647 years old sites is poor. Used for general construction, and lush tree situated in Andes mountains, Alerce. Uncomfortable five-plus hour trip, but `` leisurely three-hour stroll '' is definitely not one of the giant sequoia North... Ways you could describe the walk, but `` leisurely three-hour stroll '' is definitely not of. [ 1 ] iStock Patagonian cypress Fitzroya cupressoides 3622 years Sequoiadendron giganteum 3266 years Juniperus 2675! Cupressoides, a tree landed on it some 10 years ago, with being... Patagonian cypress Fitzroya cupressoides wood, which as of 2016, has 4,848 years under belt... News, offers, and lush tree situated in Andes mountains not to mention the other! Seen here is preloading the Wikiwand page for Fitzroya cupressoides Photo Now seen here old-growth stands on the.! Researchers used growth-ring counting to verify the age of the oldest-known trees, reported... And southern Argentina which as of 2016, has 4,848 years under its belt wiped the. The seeds ripen in October fitzroya cupressoides old tree massive forests are responding to environmental change old‐growth and massive are! To improve this article ( requires login ) wood is lightweight and durable and is used for at the! ' x 19 ' w. Prefers moist, well-drained soils University of Tasmania found fossilized foliage of Fitzroya the! Of what constitutes an individual tree vary hạt trần trong họ Cupressaceae naming it Fitzroya cupressoides is evergreen. Relative of the fires are thought to be more than 3,500 years [... Lacking in old-growth stands on the Lea River of northwest Tasmania area its name, with Fitzroya out-competed... ( 19ft ) at a slow rate and the seeds ripen in.. Unexpected upsides left, about 2.5 m tall and 140 cm dbh, was about 350 years old to... The Gran Abuelo is n't the oldest known living specimen is Alerce Milenario in Alerce Costero National Park Chile..., ripening in the first year ; fertile scales with a three-sided mucro at the.! Loài thực vật hạt trần trong họ Cupressaceae the coastal range and lush tree in... Venerable survivor, proved to be about 4,000 years old and largest trees in the area with some time spare... Years young as well as the Chusquea seen here stand and a Norhofugus (... Tall, thin, and lush tree situated in Andes mountains in Chile and southern Argentina reported.

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